By Bruno Notarnicola, Roberta Salomone, Luigia Petti, Pietro A. Renzulli, Rocco Roma, Alessandro K. Cerutti
The publication offers an outline of the foreign practices and cutting-edge of LCA reports within the agri-food region, either when it comes to followed methodologies and alertness to specific items; the ultimate objective is to characterise and placed order in the methodological matters attached to a couple vital agri-food items (wine, olive oil, cereals and derived items, meat and fruit) and in addition defining sensible directions for the implementation of LCAs during this specific quarter. the 1st bankruptcy includes an outline of the appliance of LCA to the meals area, the position of the several actors of the meals offer chain and the methodological concerns at a basic point. the opposite chapters, each one with a specific connection with the most meals of the 5 sectors lower than research, have a standard constitution which involves the assessment of LCA case experiences of such agri-food items, the methodological concerns, the methods with which they've been confronted and the recommendation of useful guidelines.
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Extra resources for Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-food Sector: Case Studies, Methodological Issues and Best Practices
All things considered, many initiatives with the aim of creating a “level playing field” for robust and scientifically valid applications have been implemented in the last few years. In such context is the EU’s Communication and the Commission Recommendation (2013/179/EU) “on the use of the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF) methods” proposed an action plan in which it: established the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF); recommended the use of these guidance documents to Member States, companies, private organisations, and the financial community; announced a 3 year testing period for developing product- and sectorspecific rules through a multi-stakeholder process; established principles for communicating environmental performance, such as transparency, reliability, completeness, comparability, and clarity; aimed at supporting international efforts for more coordination in methodological development and data availability.
This project aimed at the implemention of PCFs and labelling and made Thailand, in 2010, the first country in south-east Asia (and from the developing world) to develop its own guidelines on CF, “The National Guideline Carbon Footprinting of Products”. These guidelines are based on ISO 14040 and 14044, PAS 2050 and TS Q0010 (Mungkung and Gheewala 2012; Gheewala and Mungkung 2013). As far as the PCRs are concerned, it is important to highlight that the practice of PCR development in Thailand takes place on two levels: PCR, company level; and PCR, national level.
It is necessary to carry out an economic assessment regarding the full public and private costs of implementing the EU Ecolabel scheme. The implementation of these recommendations could make possible the application of the EU Ecolabel to these product categories: yoghurt and cheese, bread, nonalcoholic beverages, and processed fish. From October 2013, the EU Ecolabel certification has been applicable to 26 categories of products/services: however none of them belong to the food, feed, and drink sector (Oakdene Hollings Research and Consulting 2011).